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Fall Vegetable Gardening

Thea fall season – from late August to early November – is a wonderful time to grow a vegetable garden. Generally speaking, insect pressure on crops planted after mid-September is greatly reduced, and diseases are tipically easier to control.

This fall don’t forget to plant these crops into your garden.

September

Beets, Brocoli (T), Brussels Sprouts (T), Cabbage (T), Chinese Cabbage (T), Cauliflower (T), Collards (S or T), Endive, Carrots, English Peas, Snow Peas, Garlic, Kohlrabi (T), Lettuce (S or T), Mustard, Onions (seeds, late September), Parsley (T)*, Snap Beans*, Radishes, Rutabaga, Shallots, Spinach, Swiss Chard (S or T), Turnips and Kale.

October

Cabbage (T), Brocoli (T), Mustard*, Turnips, Collards, Kale, Parsley, Shallots, Radishes, Beets, Spinach, Leaf Lettuce, Chinese Cabbage (T)*, Celery, Onions, Swiss Chard, Garlic*, Carrots and Endive*.

November

Beets*, Shallots, Swiss Chard (T), Spinach*, Kale, Radishes, Mustard, Carrots and Turnips.

*Plant durig the first part of the months.
(T) = Transplant
(S or T) = Seed or Transplants

Checklist for September, October and November

  1. Begin preparing beds for fall planting.
  2. Take soil samples from landscapes beds and submit them to the LSU AgCenter Soil Testing and Plant Analyis Laboratory for analysis. Check with your Parish LSU AgCenter extension office for more information.
  3. Fall is great time to plant hardy trees, shrubs, ground covers and vines.
  4. Plant spring-flowering bulbs in your gardens from late October through early December. Exceptions are tulips and hyacinths, which must be refrigerated and planted in late December or early January.
  5. Garden mums make a great addition for fall color. Check at your local reatil garden center for availability.
  6. Watch azalea plantings for early fall infestation of lace bugs. Control with acephate, horticultural oil sprays (bifenthrin, cyfluthrin or permethrin) and other recommended insecticides.
  7. Build a compost pile out of leaves, grass clippings and remains from your vegetable garden.
  8. September is a good time to divide and transplant Louisiana irises. Fertilize your irises in October.
  9. Many of the summer-blooming perennials are finished or finishing up their floral display for the year. Cut back the flower stalks and old faded flowers to keep the plants looking attractive.
  10. October weather can be dry. Water plantings as needed. Pay special attention to any newly planted areas. It generally is best to water direct-seeded beds of flowers or vegetables lightly every day to make sure the seeds do not dry out.
  11. Prune everblooming roses by early September.
  12. Fall is an excellent time to plant many herbs in the garden. A few herb plants provide a lot of harvest, so don’t plant more than you can use. Herbs to plant now include parsley, sage, thyme, dill, cilantro, rosemary, oregano, borage, fennel, nasturtium, french tarragon, chives, mint adn catnip.
  13. Trees that provide good to excellent fall color in Louisiana include bald cypress. Nutall oak, Shumard oak, cherry bark oak, flowering pear, chinese pistachio, ginkgo, japanese maple, sweet gum, sumac, red maple, southern sugar maple and hickory.
Dan Gill
Consumer Horticultural Specialist